E.U. Renewable Energy Nearly Doubles in 10 Years
BRUSSELS—The share of energy in the European Union generated from renewable sources increased from 5.4 percent to 9 percent of the total energy mix from 1999 to 2009, the European Commission’s statistical service, Eurostat, said April 11. During the same period, the portion of electricity generated from oil and petroleum declined from 39.2 percent to 36.6 percent of the total, and the portion generated from coal fell from 18.3 to 15.7 percent, Eurostat said. The share of natural gas increased slightly from 22.4 to 24.5 percent. The average figures disguised wide variation among the European Union’s 27 member states. In 2009, Latvia and Sweden produced 36.2 percent and 34.4 percent, respectively, of their electricity from renewable energy sources, which includes hydropower, wind, biomass, geothermal, and solar energy. Austria, Finland, and Portugal also had shares of close to or above 20 percent, while in non-EU member state Norway, renewables accounted for 42.4 percent of the total energy mix. However, in Luxembourg, Malta, and the United Kingdom, the renewables share stood at 3 percent or less. The biggest increases in the renewables share during the 10-year period were seen in Denmark, Germany, Portugal, and Sweden, Eurostat said.